Chapter Thirty: Added UAE labor laws
His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, UAE President announced new decree law to regulate labor relations on November 15 which will come into force on February 2, 2022.
The 6-new labor laws as are as listed below:
NEW WORK MODEL
The new law allows a more flexible workweek where employees can fulfil as many hours as they need to meet their needs, rather than have to commit to a full-time position.
Dr Abdulrahman Al Awar, Minister of Human Resources and Emiratization said that if an employee works 40 hours a week as per the contract, they can now perform the 40 hours in three days and that if the employee and the employer agree to all the clauses in the contract. He added that in cases of shared-jobs model, two people could do the same job and split the pay but only after agreeing with the employer.
The new law sanctions a new type of contract, which does not exceed three years. Upon agreement by both parties, they can renew the contract for the same period or for a lesser period.
LEAVE FOR PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYEES
All private sector employees will be granted a mourning leave ranging from 3 to 5 days according to the degree of their relation to the deceased. Besides, all employees will be eligible for a five-day parental leave. All employees who have completed a 2-year tenure with a company will be entitled to a 10-day study leave per year provided they are enrolled in an accredited institution within the UAE.
Women are eligible for 60 days maternity leave, with 45 days paid leave and 15 days on half wage. Furthermore, new mothers can also avail an additional 45 days without pay, upon finishing the maternity leave period. Mother of babies with special needs will be entitled to an additional 30-day leave after completing the maternity leave period which they can further extended for another 30 days with no pay.
Prohibition Of Bullying, Discrimination and Harassment
The new law provides employees more protection against bullying, physical or psychological harassment by superiors and unlawful seizure of documents. In addition, discrimination based on race, color, sex, religion, nationality or disability is highly prohibited under the new decree law, with special aims to empower women in the workplace.
Employment of Teenagers
According to the new law, teenagers will not work on shifts from 7pm to 7am or engage in risky jobs that can be dangerous to their physical health, ethics and well-being.
As per the new law, employees cannot work for more than 5 hours, without at-least a 1-hour break. Only two hours of overtime will be permitted in one day. In case the job demands more hours, employees must receive an overtime wage equivalent to regular hour pay with a 25 per cent increase. Employees who work overtime between 10pm and 4am are entitled to an overtime wage equivalent to regular hour pay with a 50% increase. People on a shift basis are exempted from this rule.
Those who are asked to work on a day off must be granted one-day leave or an overtime wage equivalent to the regular day pay, with a 50% increase.
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